For a seed to start growing, its embryo must emerge from its hard coat. In nature the embryo is aided by frost and animal digestion — but humans can help too. Nicking, filing, and soaking the seed in hot water or acid are all forms of scarification, or ways to speed up germination by breaking down the shell. Mary Koga offers some tips to spur your sprouts (and don’t forget the bleach!).
After-Bloom Spring Bulb Care
Beautiful spring bulbs have been lighting up the country since late-winter. Now is the time to care for your spent bulbs so they have the best chance of blooming again, next spring.